Brain Function and the First 1000 Days
“When you asked me what I did in school today and I say, ‘I just played.’ Please don’t misunderstand me. For you see, I am learning as I play. I am learning to enjoy and be successful in my work. Today I am child and my work is play.”
Play is a child’s work. And over the years, scientist have found ample evidence of the importance of play and early childhood stimulation in achieving the brain’s full potential and resilience.
Also, play offers a chance to connect and bond with your child. It helps your kid learn the rules of your family and what is expected of him or her — factors that are very important for career development and personal growth.
The Foundation of Socio-Economic Success and Career Development
According to Jim Heckman, a Nobel Laureate in economics, early stimulation of brain function during childhood is crucial for social and economic success.
This will eventually lead to healthier lifestyle better jobs and greater social interaction.
Brain function, neural pathways and networks and molded during childhood and Heckman’s research shows that this will have a lasting impact on the development of the mental, emotional and social capacities of the individual.
As shown in the graph above, preschool experiences and interactions with peers and adults during childhood — the first 1,000 days — provide the highest return in human capital investment.
The returns decrease with age and are at its worst after school.
Moreover, this graph shows us the critical role early childhood brain stimulation in personal growth and career development.
Development of Fluid Abilities
While we don’t understand brain function in its entirety, we do know that childhood mental abilities serve as a foundation for adult cognitive functions.
Fluid abilities include:
- problem solving ability
- speed of thought
These abilities foreshadow high-level brain function and are used to acquire new knowledge, to solve problems and to make sound decisions — everything a manager would hope for his employees.
Although we are not created equal, studies show that these fluid abilities often correlate with each other.
For instance, Mary who has superb reasoning ability, can make quick and sound decisions based on experiences and her problem solving ability.
Brain Function Decreases with Age and Disease
How old are you? At your age, do you think you can still learn a new skill as quickly as you did when you were a child? I bet not.
Brain function and development decrease with aging. And one of the biggest culprits is dementia which is commonly caused by Alzheimer’s Disease.
Do you know that there are 47 million people suffering from dementia across the globe? And experts project this number to triple by 2050!
If you know or living with someone who who has dementia, you know that the struggle is real — not only for the patient but also for you and his or her family.
Early stimulation of brain function during childhood is crucial for social and economic success
Strong foundations of cognitive abilities developed during early childhood significantly lowers one’s risk of suffering dementia.
Together with proper nutrition and healthy lifestyle, early brain development, enables the retention of brain functions throughout a lifespan.
How the Brain Works: The Resilient Brain
The brain creates new neural connections with every new information learned. Early brain development provides greater number of neurons and synapses.
Various textbooks tell us that, on average, the human brain has 100 billion neurons connected by trillion of synapses (or neural connections).
This redundancy is critical in keeping proper brain function especially during the deleterious years of old age.
More importantly, early childhood brain stimulation might reduce the trajectory of cognitive decline and postpone the early signs of mental deficits in late life.
The human brain has 100 billion neurons connected by trillion of synapses
The creation of a resilient — strong and healthy — brain during the first 1,000 days has captured the interest of renowned researchers worldwide.
I listed some notable studies below:
The World Bank headed a study in Colombia where caregivers were showed how to stimulate children using play and talk.
The study revealed that the stimulation improved the children’s brain function and their ability to comprehend.
Researchers are studying the effect of storybooks on a child’s visual and cognitive brain development.
The books are given to poor households who have children with ages between 2 to 6 years old. The aim of the study is to assess the children’s readiness to attend school.
Researchers combine low cost brain stimulation such as playing and singing with a large scale nutritional program.
So far, the study has shown considerable improvements and positive results
4. The Effect of Early Brain Stimulation to Personal Growth and Self Development of Late Teens
This 20-year study, headed by Martha Farah, director of the Center for Neuroscience and Society at the University of Pennsylvania, shows that early brain function stimulation at the age of four plays a critical role in predicting the development of the gray matter on the outside of the brain (cortex), 15 years later. Surprisingly, Farah also found out that parental nurturance and brain stimulation at age 8 have no effect.
Know Your Brain: 10 Brain Facts for Kids
- The average human brain is made up of 100 billion neurons and trillions of neural connections. Its computing power is unmatched by any supercomputers in the world.
- The brain has two sides — the left and the right — and each side interacts with half of the body. The right side of the brain interacts with the left side of the body and vice versa. Until now, scientists don’t understand why the brain functions this way.
- The cerebellum is the largest part of the brain. It controls your movement and balance and is sometimes referred to as the “Little Brain.”
- The brain is protected by the skull — a casing made up of 22 bones joined together.
- An adult brain weighs around 3 pounds or 1.5 kilograms. It uses 20% of the energy produced by the body.
- The brain is not stabilized by muscles whatsoever. It just floats in a pool of cerebrospinal fluid which protects it from infection and impact.
- The brain sends more messages to the body than all phones in the world combined. Some of these messages “fly” at speeds of 150 miles per hour!
- The brain reaches its full size when you are about 6 years old.
- Although the brain is often described as “gray matter”, its true color is closer to a soft pink-beige with off-white cream color on the inside.
- Exercise makes you smarter. Increase blood flow to the brain causes it to release hormones that help you learn.